WordMapper is a multilingual text annotation tool developed in 2016 by the Academic Technology for FAS team. The tool was originally designed to support the creation of annotations within side-by-side Greek/Arabic text, but can be adapted to other types of web content. Details on the application and its development are below. For more information, or to pilot this new browser-based alignment and annotation tool, contact Academic Technology for FAS at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Partnership and Development
Faculty Partner: Professor Mark Schiefsky, Chair, Department of the Classics
Developer: Artie Barrett, Senior Software Engineer, Academic Technology for FAS
Product Owner: Rebecca Miller, Instructional Technologist, Academic Technology for FAS
WordMapper is a web-accessible tool that enables students, faculty, and other collaborators to build non-contiguous word alignments between two or more texts, so that they can build and share glossaries to aid in learning and research.
The development of WordMapper by AT-FAS was sparked when Prof. Mark Schiefsky, Chair of the Harvard Department of the Classics, joined a meeting initially organized to demonstrate digital annotation tools to other members of the Classics Department. Prof. Schiefsky brought to the meeting a tool he himself had built to aid in his research. While effective for his research, Prof. Schiefsky envisioned a more accessible and collaborative tool with some modest development, and AT-FAS had the development expertise to help him realize that goal. Shortly thereafter it was decided to take on WordMapper as an AT-FAS development project based on three criteria:
Broad functionality: While initially designed with a specific use case in mind, namely integration with the Digital Corpus for Graeco-Arabic Studies, the tool could ultimately be used across a range of disciplines, such as language courses, comparative literature, or linguistics.
Unique functionality: Chief among the criteria for Prof. Schiefsky was to be able to select, link, and annotate non-contiguous areas of text across multiple documents. We found no other annotation tool that could support these use cases, and WordMapper was designed to address these needs specifically.
Effort: Prof. Schiefsky had already created a prototype of WordMapper, which was in active use by himself and his students. This meant the tool would not need to be built from scratch, significantly decreasing the amount of effort and resources required to begin work on the project.
The primary markers of success for the WordMapper project were firstly the implementation of a database server, which would enhance and streamline Prof. Schiefsky’s use of the tool for research by allowing him to seamlessly save his data and collaborate more easily with students and fellow researchers. Secondly, we determined that there was potential for WordMapper to serve as a case study of a generalizable tool that would have broad application potential to faculty across disciplines in both their research and their teaching.
The design and implementation of the tool was inspired by the Hypothes.is project, which is a web-based annotation tool that can overlay annotation functionality on websites and store annotations in a database. At the time of development, that tool did not support non-contiguous annotations across parallel texts in the same way that Prof. Schiefsky’s tool did. The value that AT-FAS brought to the project technically was the ability to take Prof. Schiefsky’s prototype and generalize it as a bookmarklet with a client/server storage model.